Saturday, March 5, 2016

Uses of Ginger (aardrak and sunthi) according to #ayurveda

Views shared by several ayurveda professionals and non-ayurveda people in discussion group:
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Next topic for discussion:  :  Uses of  Ginger (aardrak and sunthi) according to #ayurveda
Vd. Ram Shukla: Sunthi is vishvabhesaj not ginger…..Properties of ginger and sunthi are more than opposite to each other
Dr Dipak Shirude: Please shed some more light on these opposite properties of ginger and shunthi ... I was aware  only about opposite properties of takra and dadhi
Vd. Ram Shukla: Sunthi is madhur vipak, grahi…..Whereas ginger is katu vipak and sar guna…….Sunthi can be given in diarrhoea, but ginger may may increase diarrhoea due to its sar property……..The common thing is both are agni dipak
Bhuj Dr Jigar Gor: It's been said that while making tea one should add shunthi and not ginger... I guess due to their properties only. If request senior Vaidya to throw light on it
Dr Dipak Shirude: What can be stated about there action on doshas ?
Vd. Ram Shukla: Sunthi is mainly ruchi kar and indicated in amavata and likewise condition…. Having said this I prefer tea with ginger because of its taste.
Dr Dipak Shirude: I expect exact action of them regarding 3doshas ..Please share ..It is must to fix the matter .. If they are opposite, is one vaatshamak and another vaatvardhak ?
Vd. Ram Shukla: No. Not opposite in all aspects
Dr. Chirag Dobariya: Sunthi is snigdha and ginger is ruksha properties -Bhavprakash
Germany Helga Fuchs: .... Ohhhh, please help. Here we have the knowlege that Shunti is fresh Ginger. Ginger is curna, powder oft dry Shunti. Is this the right understanding? Thank you
Shri Minoo parabia: No Helga. Fresh tubers taken out of soil and sold before drying them are Aadu, Adrakh (ardrak in Sanskrit)…After drying it is named as Sunth or Sunthi. In English both are ginger…..Dried ginger could be powdered easily. ….In india almost all our curries and Pulses contain fresh ginger we call Aadu.  In curries it tastes great.
Germany Helga Fuchs: Good that I do not work only due names. Dry or fresh. I always remember that powder is rukhsa. Thank you to clear out this wrong understanding oft many years in one second. I am happy
Dr. Chirag Dobariya: Sunthi(Dry ginger) is laghu,snigdha and Ginger is guru,ruksha properties. sunthi is pachak and ginger is dipan karma. Sunthi is grahi and vibandhnut both karma done because of it's Prabhav(प्रभाव).
Dr. Arun Tiwari: विबन्धनुत
Dr. Hardikchandra Kalal: Grahi mean well consist not more liquid or hardll…Vibandhnut mean remove the constipation ll…..
Dr Dipak Shirude: Grahi = improves absorption in large intestine
Sandipbhai Aum Agri : Sunthi(dry ginger) is prepared from fresh ginger dipped in sulphur + sundries. Dipping is for fast drying ……So always used fresh ginger dried slices . Without sulphur  and convert into powder
Canada Nitin Shah: I believe Sunthi( dry ginger) should be more tikshna as it don't have water element. Water element reduces tikshanata(sharpness) where as adrak (fresh ginger) should be less tikshana due to high amount of water elements. That's why I believe Sunthi should be used exclusively for high Kapha conditions only where adrak juice (fresh ginger) can be used in moderation in excess vata and pitta condition.
Dr Dipak Shirude: This looks logical but above stated qualities go some other way !
Canada Nitin Shah: That's what I am wondering. And that's why we need Tadvidya sambhasha……. We need rationality
Germany Helga Fuchs: Sorry, up I mean powder is tiksha. More sharp as fresh ginger………Yes Nitin Shah, this was in my mind.
Vd. Pankaj Chhayani: GINGER……………Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a member of the Zingiberaceae family and is consumed widely not only as a spice but also as a medicinal agent (see also Chapter 7 on ginger). Other members of the family include turmeric and cardamom. Ginger’s cultivation appears to have begun in South Asia and has now spread to various parts of the world. It is sometimes called “root ginger” to distinguish it from other products that share the name. The principal constituents of ginger include [6]-gingerol, [6]-paradol, [6]-shogaol (dehydration gingerols), and zingerone. Several studies have investigated ginger’s antioxidant properties (Chrubasik, Pittler, and Roufogalis 2005). Gingerol has also been shown to decrease intracellular ROS formation in human keratinocyte cells (Kim et al. 2007), inhibit angiogenesis in human ECs, and limit nitrogen oxide synthase expression and epidermal growth factor-induced cell transformation and AP-1 transcriptional complexes in JB6 cells (Bode et al. 2001; Ippoushi et al. 2003; Davies et al. 2005; Kim et al. 2005).
Feeding NIN/Wistar rats a diet containing up to 0.5-5% ginger for 1 month significantly increased (p < .05) several liver antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (76–141%), catalase (37–94%), and GPx (11–30%; Kota, Krishna, and Polasa 2008). Lipid and protein oxidation was inhibited in rats consuming ginger, as evidenced by significant decreases (p < .05) in liver and kidney levels of MDA (35-59% and 27-59%, respectively) and carbonyl levels (23-36%), compared to controls (Kota, Krishna, and Polasa 2008). Ippoushi et al. (2007) found that AIN-76 basal diets with 2% ginger decreased TBARS by 29% (p < .05) and suppressed 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG, a product of oxidative DNA damage) levels in Wistar rats. TBARS was also significantly decreased (p < .001) in Wistar rats fed with diets supplemented with 1% ginger following exposure to lindane, a pesticide that is a global pollutant, (Ahmed et al. 2008).
Various animal models have been used to examine the role of ginger in cancer prevention. For example, Ihlaseh et al. (2006) exposed male Wistar rats to N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)-nitrosamine (BNN) and uracil salt to induce tumors resembling human low-grade papillary urothelial neoplasia. Rats fed with a basal diet supplemented with 1% ginger extract for 26 weeks had significantly fewer urothelial lesions compared to the controls or those fed with the diet with 0.5% ginger (p = .013; Ihlaseh et al. 2006). However, ginger does not appear effective in all cases, as evidenced by the lack of protection against proliferative lesions in the bladders of Swiss mice fed with a 1% or 2% extract and exposed to BNN/N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (Bidinotto et al. 2006).
Induction of phase I and II activities may partially account for ginger’s anticarcinogenic actions. Banerjee et al. (1994)found that providing 10-μL ginger oil daily for 2 weeks to Swiss mice increased aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity about 25% (p < .05) and increased GST by 60% (p < .01). No significant increase in GST induction was observed in Swiss mice fed with 160 mg ginger/gram diet (Aruna and Sivaramakrishnan 1990).
Inflammation is a significant risk factor for cancer, including prostate cancer. Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-5 (MKP5) is implicated as a proinflammatory inhibitor in innate and adaptive immune response in vivo (Zhang et al. 2004). Providing [6]-gingerol upregulated MKP5 expression in normal prostate epithelial cells treated with 50 μM gingerol; likewise, it upregulated MKP5 expression in human prostate cancer cell lines (DU145, PC-3, LNCaP and LAPC-4; Nonn, Duong, and Peehl 2007). Ginger extracts, more so than their individual components, have been shown to inhibit lipopolysaccharide-induced prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production to an extent similar to that of indomethacin, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Subfractions of ginger extract decreased LPS-induced COX-2 mRNA expression levels, although apparently not through the nuclear factor κB (NF-κβ) or activating protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factor pathways, because the ginger extracts did not inhibit TNF-α production (Lantz et al. 2007). [6]-paradol, another active compound in ginger, is reported to induce apoptosis in human promyelocytic leukemia cells, JB6 cells, an oral squamous carcinoma cell line, and Jurkat human T-cell leukemia cells in a dosedependent manner (Huang, Ma, and Dong 1996; Lee and Surh 1998; Keum et al. 2002; Miyoshi et al. 2003). It is unclear whether [6]-paradol has molecular targets similar to [6]-gingerol.
Ginger also appears to have antitumorigenic properties. Several cell lines have been examined for their sensitivity to ginger. For example, alcoholic extracts of ginger inhibited tumor cell growth for Dalton’s lymphocytic ascites tumor cells and human lymphocytes at concentrations of 0.2-1 mg/mL in vitro (Unnikrishnan and Kuttan 1988). In a study of cytotoxic activities of several compounds in ginger against four tumor cell lines (A549, human lung cancer; SK-OV-3, human ovarian cancer; SK-MEL-2, human skin cancer; and HCT-15, human colon cancer), [6]-shogaol was the most potent (ED50: 1.05–1.76 μg/mL), and [4]-, [6]-, [8]-, and [10]-gingerol displayed moderate cytotoxicity (ED50: 4.92-30.05; Kim et al. 2008). Adding [6]-gingerol (25 μM) has been reported to inhibit proliferation in rat ascites hepatoma cells AH109A and increase apoptosis at higher concentrations (50 μM; Yagihashi, Miura, and Yagasaki 2008). Likewise, adding [6]-shogoal (60 μM) to COLO295 cells has been reported to increase the expression of GADD153, a gene that promotes apoptosis (Chen et al. 2007). [6]-shogaol (>50 μM) also provokes DNA damage and apoptosis through an oxidative stressmediated caspase-dependent pathway (Chen et al. 2007). Similarly, incubation of HEp-2 cells with ginger (250 μg/mL, 500 μg/mL, or 1000 μg/mL) resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in nitrite generation, increased production of superoxide, and decreased GSH levels compared to untreated cells, indicating ginger-induced apoptosis through the generation of ROS (Chen et al. 2007).
Ginger is also recognized for its potential usefulness to reduce nausea. To determine whether ginger had antiemetic effects in cisplatin-induced emesis, Manusirivithaya et al. (2004) conducted a randomized, double-blinded, crossover study in 48 gynecologic cancer patients. The addition of ginger (1 g/day) to a standard antiemetic regimen has no advantage in reducing nausea or vomiting in the acute phase of cisplatin-induced emesis. In the delayed phase, ginger and metoclopramide have no statistically significant difference in efficacy (Manusirivithaya et al. 2004). In another study, 1000 mg of ginger was compared to 20-mg intravenous (IV) metoclopramide, and to 4-mg IV ondansetron in controlling nausea in patients receiving cyclophosphamide chemotherapy. Ginger was determined to be as effective as metoclopramide, but neither was as effective as ondansetron (Sontakke, Thawani, and Naik 2003).
Overall, while the anticancer findings of ginger are intriguing and several processes may be associated with the observed responses, additional studies are needed to clarify the underlying mechanisms and to determine overall benefits to humans (Pan et al. 2008).
Anand Javeri: A doctor once told me that daily ginger intake improved appetite & digestion. And it should be taken with white rock salt for taste. One small piece of the size of a big marble can be taken for this. (fresh ginger). Ginger is also helpful in cough problem.
USA Dinesh Pandya: Very true. ....by improving Agni
Vd.Atul Ambadkar: Only Sunthi+ shatava(sauf) contented kashay--Used for Agni Deepan. In agnimandya…prakshep of Lavan Bhaskar churn/ hngwashtak churn….As pachan…. For sutika(delivery undergone woman)…..Shunthi+khand sharkara+ goghrut prepared gutika:-(Freshly prepared), To avoid post-partum  vat prakopa.
USA Parulben: I want to share some negative……Long time uses of sunthi or ginger can make your eye red, reduce memory…….As it increases acidity or imbalances alohhak pita…..And so does bodhak kapha….Alochak pitta…..Please avoid Google copy paste  and share practical knowledge to utilize this platform as tadvidambhasha. As everyone has excess to Google.
Shri Minoo parabia: I appreciate this. It is exceedingly important to learn about the limitations than to learn only about virtues.
Anand Javeri: Ginger relieves nausea also.
Vd. Milan Prajapati: Ginger is described as a aaharyogi substance in charak sutrasthan…….That means when digestion of aausadh is not possible due to excessive mandagni  and when we wants dipan karma in the patient……..We should implement ginger as a aahar to establish dipan karma in place of aausadh…..Such type of patients having seen………When patient was on chemotherapy treatment….And patient has complain of less intake, loss of appetite, nausea.
Germany Helga Fuchs: Ginger, Salt and lemon to increase agni, juice of ginger with honey for dry cough, very  usefull also in dry cough who stay for weeks and after pneumonia to  strenght the lungs. Nausea only little ginger or like point one, slice of ginger after intake ghee for PK. Totally agree with  for Pitta no ginger. It was said that ginger is OK for Pitta because it is not so sharp, about including sweet rasa, more slimy quality. But in regular taking, also as lukewarm, not hot gingerwater, no way for Pitta. Hot wather with ginger, gingertea, is only usefull as medicin in clear less dosis, not as regular habit to drink it all day, literwise. Ginger is food with quality of medicin like other spices or ghee, honey, milk.
Dilip Patel: Ginger specialties!.....10,000 times greater than the effect of chemotherapy ginger!......University of Georgia Research blessing for cancer patients .........Make liberal use of ginger kitchen fires. The daily intake of ginger if you have cancer. Cancer drug 'ability to fight more than ten hajaragani tekasola' adunam 6-sogaola called 'element of cancer.
Particularly the fact that ginger does not strike on cancer cells but not healthy cells. Ginger effect of chemotherapy is more than 10,000 times.
Turmeric is a very well known fact is very useful in the fight against cancer. Pitaraibhai like ginger, turmeric is also about the quality of the research recently. Ginger is also proved by researches that in some cancers than traditional medicines can treat cancer more effectively..
The United States, the Georgia State University, the research on rats found that ginger extract, given the size of the prostate tumor is reduced by 6 per cent. But you have to learn by experiment found that ginger extract would not only destroy cancer cells, its combustion is less. It also increases strength and disease resistance.
According to a report published in the American Journal of Health ginger in treating a 6-sogaola a much greater element of cancer gives better results than conventional chemotherapy. 6-sogaolani uniqueness of it is that the only strikes at the original cancer cells. Mother called Sales (mother cell) causes the cells of many types of cancer, including breast cancer. Mother cell splits gradually eliminating the second body which is produced by many cells.
All these cells are unbeatable, like immortal, proves hardly any work on the drug.
This is evidence that cancer cells growing in rebuilding itself. It is going to continue to grow. Such cells have developed resistance against conventional treatments such as chemotherapy. And is also likely due to being constantly increased by new nodes. When the body can be rid of cancer when the bulb of the cancer cells are destroyed.
According to the scientists say, is that adumannu a 6-sogaola new research has proven this element in the destruction of cancer stem cells.
This is a tremendous advantage to be called. Treatments such as chemotherapy, are needed to reach the cells of the body healthy and the loss accordingly.
Anti-cancer drugs such as the University of Georgia revealed that through this experiment that ginger tekasola but not as effective. Even when the ginger sogaola a 6-element proves to be more effective than the doses when given tekasolanam. Vaijnanikoe noted that the effect of 6-sogaolani tekasola than 10 hajaragani. It is clear that preventing arthae, tumor recurred by Ginger and the maintenance of healthy cells by her.
Cancer treatment still requires a lot of such research. Which has made us aware of how much was the wrong direction so far and we will be wasting our ketaketali manavajindagi elopathika treatment by such treatment.
Ginger is considered medicinal in the world. Sanskrit is called adarka. Green, who is maju body-refresh operation to clear out debris from the cell (ketabolijhama) and a cell full of ginger juice to keep the action fresh anabolijhama who bannekriya.
Before eating, drinking ginger juice is very good……1) mixture of ginger.  2) makes the dominant jatharagni. (It Dipen).  3) Breaking jhala of phlegm in the lungs.  4) It makes pure tongue and throat.  5) brings in the highest amount of urine.  6) is removed from the chest colds.  7) It cures inflammation of flatulence.  8) obesity (fat) cures.  9) breaks cuff - gas is the enemy.  10) silasa heals.  11) the benefit to the patient of asthma  12) heals heart disease.  13) does from its regular intake kensara  14) whereby pittanum.
Adumam udiyana oil - 3%, Pungency - 8%, Starch - 56%, Ginger is warm it is wrong.
 Vd. Pankaj Chhayani: If one have doubt of indigestion in morning ,consume haritaki and ginger powder.. Ginger should not be given in  pitta prakriti and in summer (hot climate)
Lvg Shriram Gandhi: Desi sunth of Gujarat is only sun-dried.
Vd. Pankaj Chhayani: Mix rock salt and ginger juice..then make small pieces of Indian goose berry...and soak these pieces in mixture of ginger juice and salt for 10-12 hour then dry up these pieces...and use it as appetiser..Very tasty and good appetiser
Dr. Amal JP: Ardraka/Sundi

1)Agnimandhya & vayusathmbha - equal quantity of Ardraka swarasa + Nimbu swarasa with sindhava lavana…..2) aruchi & amlodghara - equal quantity of jeeraka choornam + maricha choornam in Ardraka swarasa thrice day….3) kasa -Ardraka swarasa + honey…..4) kasa, swasa, udharasoola - Sundi kashayam + guda…5) kanda roga & arshas - choornam prepared out of 5 part of Sundi + 4 part of pippali + 2 part of nagakesara + 1 part of eala taken with equal quantity of sugar….6) vata roga & sandhi shopha - kashayam prepared out of equal quantity of Sundi and eranda mula taken with honey….7) hridroga - Sundi kashayam taken with hingu and sawvarjala lavana
Dr. Yogesh Gorakhnath Patil: Ginger is widely used in the treatment of many diseases due to its powerful healing properties. Recently, it has been proved that ginger can even cure cancer. It is commonly known that turmeric is very efficient in destroying cancer cells. However, the latest research has found that ginger is almost equally effective. Furthermore, ginger is even more powerful in killing cancer cells than certain cytostatic drugs.
 Vd. Pankaj Chhayani: Dry ginger is given women for 5-6 months after delivery of baby... Dry ginger balances all dosha and establish normal function of dhatu which are disturbed during pregnancy.. Ginger is also good galactogouge. There is famous saying in Gujarati language, if mother eat ginger after delivery, her baby becomes very strong..(किसकि मा ने सवासेर सुठ खायी है)...this saying denotes importance of sunthi in development of normal baby
IPR Chhayaben: We prepare 'pak'  using suth n ghee n jaggary and eat in the morning to protect against cold in winter..
Dr Sandeep Madaan: My practical experience with shunthi is in rheumatoid arthritis, dyspepsia, as galactogogue and motion sickness. It's a powerful herb used in small doses
Vd. Prerak Shah : Nabhipuran with fresh ginger juice can stop diarrhoea or loose motion in 15-20 min.....very useful in kids.
Dr. Sheetal Sumra:  Sunthi (dry ginger), Jerra (cumin seed), dry mint,  dry coriander..  Make a mixture of all this,  have 1 teaspoon of this mixture after food with lukewarm water it's helps to digest for food 🙂
Dr. Mahavir Patil: How fresh ginger juice is effective in loose motions? and why more useful in kids?
USA Dr. Dinesh Pandya: because of 'prabhava'...
Dr. Bharat Sharma : In womb life there can be direct neurological connection with intestine...and it can continue till childhood so there may remain a place for PRABHAV!!
Vd. Ajay Pithiya: Nabhipuran is reference from the book named chakradatta..  It contains treatment mainly
Dr. Kamlesh: We just tried ginger nabhipuran in one IBS swasthya sadhak. Waiting for results😀

Vd. Mahesh Akani: Ginger juice Nabhi puran very effective work in also nausea, vomiting in Pregnancy

Dant-harsh (Tooth sensitivity) #Ayurveda

Views shared by several Ayurveda professionals and non-Ayurveda people in discussion group: Disclaimer: All views shared here are onl...